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Music

Opossum Music Curriculum

 

My Music is the spiritual expressions of what I am – my faith, my knowledge, my being….when you begin to see the possibilities of music, your desire to do something really good for people, to help humanity from its hang ups---I want to speak to their souls.   John Coltrane

 

Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy  Ludwig van Beethoven

 

Music is a world within itself. It’s a language we all understand.  Stevie Wonder

 

What is music?

 

  • Sounds are all around us, from birds chirping and waves lapping against a coastline to cars honking in traffic, but sometimes sounds are put together in purposeful ways to create a specific atmosphere or to express ideas or emotions. Such organized sounds are called music. Music is a collection of coordinated sound or sounds. Making music is the process of putting sounds and tones in an order, often combining them to create a unified composition. People who make music creatively organize sounds for a desired result, like a Beethoven symphony or one of Duke Ellington's jazz songs. Music is made of sounds, vibrations, and silent moments, and it doesn't always have to be pleasant or pretty. It can be used to convey a whole range of experiences, environments, and emotions. Study.com
  • An art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and colour. Dictonary.com
  • Art concerned with combining vocal or instrumental sounds for beauty of form or emotional expression, usually according to cultural standards of rhythmmelody, and, in most Western music, harmony. https://www.britannica.com/art/music
  • a pattern of sounds made by musical instrumentsvoices, or computers, or a combination of these, intended to give pleasure to people listening to it: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/music

 

 

Why do we study music?

 

Music is the soundtrack of our lives. It connects us through people and places in an ever-changing world. Music can bring communities together and can feed the soul of the school community. (Model Music Curriculum 2021)

 

Music is an art that, in one guise or another, permeates every human society. Modern music is heard in an enormous range of styles, some contemporary, others from past eras. Music lends itself easily to alliances with words, as in song, and with physical movement, as in dance. Throughout history and across cultural traditions, music has had an important role in ritual, ceremony and events and has been credited with the capacity to reflect and influence human emotion. According to Confucius, great music is in harmony with the universe, restoring order to the physical world through that harmony. Music, as a true mirror of character, makes pretence or deception impossible. (Britannica)

 

Whilst other creatures within the animal kingdom are able to process individual components of music, as humans we are uniquely able to combine components such as tempo, beat and pitch to create and appreciate music as we know it. Our human experience of music is evidenced far back in prehistory, with instruments featuring in cave paintings dated 42 000-43 000 years ago. Music has medical and social benefits such as supporting the recovery of lost speech, aiding motor control in patients with Parkinson’s disease and enabling us to connect deeply with others in social relationships. (‘Explained’, Netflix)

 

Pupils are enabled to perform the sublime creations of others, to explore their own creative potential and, through wider listening, to come to a broader understanding of musical culture and meaning. Our musical inheritances, as citizens of the UK and citizens of the world, stand among the great wonders of humankind. Our pupils deserve to engage richly with this tradition. (Ofsted)

 

The National Curriculum states the purpose of musical study as:

Music is a universal language that embodies one of the highest forms of creativity. A high quality music education should engage and inspire pupils to develop a love of music and their talent as musicians, and so increase their self-confidence, creativity and sense of achievement. As pupils progress, they should develop a critical engagement with music, allowing them to compose, and to listen with discrimination to the best in the musical canon.

 

 

Through their study of the Opossum Curriculum, we intend that pupils will:

 

1.Develop an understanding of the importance of music as a central building block of culture

Pupils will gain the cultural capital that comes from a shared knowledge of music from their own experience and traditions across the world. They will develop knowledge of composers, musicians and musical styles from across time and place.

 

2.Develop into musicians who confidently create, appreciate and celebrate music

We intend that our school environments provide space and opportunity for pupils to engage with, create, listen, perform and express themselves musically.

 

3 .  Access and make progress on a musical instrument.

We intend that pupils will experience and explore a range of instruments as part of their music curriculum but focus in depth on one instrument, on which they can become proficient musicians.
 

4.Gain knowledge beyond their experience 

We intend that pupils will experience, know and be able to recognise, identify, discuss and have opinions on a wide range of musical styles and instruments from across time and place. This breadth will expose pupils to musical traditions they may otherwise not have the opportunity to hear in their everyday lives.

5.Acquire musical vocabulary

Through our music curriculum, pupils will gain an increasingly sophisticated musical vocabulary that includes technical terms, notation, vocabulary relating to musical periods and the emotive vocabulary to enable them to express their feelings and opinions. Pupils will share language in common with other musicians, enabling them to increase their musical ability and collaborate with others.

 

6.Become inspired

Through exposure to musical genres, periods and instruments we intend that pupils will gain pleasure from musical experiences and will feel inspired to make a commitment to continuing their musical journey as they enter the next phase of their education.  

 

 

Opossum Values

Through their engagement with the Music curriculum, Opossum values are realised.

 

Being Respectful - demonstrating respect for the views and cultural traditions of others.

 

Being Aspirational – holding an expectation and belief that pupils can and will achieve and succeed in musical pursuits

 

Being Caring – recognise and understand the role music plays in helping people express and process emotions and experiences.  

 

Having Integrity - Showing support and encouragement for others, offering constructive feedback

 

Being Creative – nurturing pupils to develop their creative and expressive skills

           

Being Community Minded –understanding that music is a powerful means of connecting groups of people through shared experience.

 

 

Scope and Sequence

 

The quality of what children hear is crucial for developing their understanding, interpretation, self-expression and response to  music. In the Early Years, pupils are encouraged to participate in familiar rhymes and songs to develop vocabulary and expression. As they progress through the early years, pupils engage with music from around the world, therefore developing cultural capital and an appreciation for sound. Pupils explore a variety of instruments; they are encouraged to experiment with sounds and recognise a variety of instruments. By the end of EYFS, pupils are expected to have a repertoire of familiar songs and rhymes and be able to perform alongside others. Teachers plan units of learning using a range of resources, including the Charanga Musical School topics (original scheme).

 

The Opossum Federation Curriculum for KS1 and 2 is structured and resourced around the Charanga Musical School programme (Model Music Curriculum 2021 revision).  Units of learning are structured around a key question each half term with specific musical elements emphasised in each study. The key questions are devised in themes with musical content developed progressively in each year group. Specific detail about progression of musical knowledge and skills can be found in the Charanga Music Progression documents.

Each topic includes music from a range of musical styles, creating  a wide repertoire of musical experience.

 

Each study includes opportunities for:

Singing

Listening

Playing

Improvising

Composing

Opportunities to learn detail about musical styles, history and the importance of music in cultures of the world.

 

In Years 3 and 4 pupils focus intensively on learning a musical instrument to develop proficiency in playing. Pupils spend one term learning to play a popular instrument such as the descant recorder or glockenspiel.

 

Sequence of Learning (National Curriculum)

EYFS

KS1

KS2

3-4 year olds

Listen with increased attention to sounds

Respond to what they have heard, expressing their thoughts and feelings

Remember and sing entire songs

Sing the pitch of a tune sung by another person (pitch match)

Sing the melodic shape (moving melody, such as up and down/down and up) of familiar songs

Create their own songs or improvise a song around what they know.

Play instruments with increasing control to express their feelings and ideas.

 

Reception

Listen attentively, move to and talk about music, expressing their feelings and responses.

Sing in a group or on their own, increasingly matching the pitch and following the melody.

use their voices expressively and creatively by singing songs and speaking chants and rhymes

Play tuned and untuned instruments musically

 

listen with concentration and understanding to a range of high-quality live and recorded music

 

experiment with, create, select and combine sounds using the inter-related dimensions of music.

 

play and perform in solo and ensemble contexts, using their voices and playing musical instruments with increasing accuracy, fluency, control and expression

 

improvise and compose music for a range of purposes using the inter-related dimensions of music

 

listen with attention to detail and recall sounds with increasing aural memory

 

use and understand staff and other musical notations

 

appreciate and understand a wide range of high-quality live and recorded music drawn from different traditions and from great composers and musicians

 

develop an understanding of the history of music.

 

 

Charanga Scheme of Music (Model Music Curriculum) 2021-2022

 

 

Term 1

Term 2

Term 3

Term 4

Term 5

Term 6

EYFS

Making sounds  

Cultural music  

Explore sounds 

Explore sounds

Performance

Performance 

Y1

How can we make friends when we sing together?

Introducing Beat

How does music tell stories about the past?

Adding Rhythm and Pitch

How Does Music Make the world a Better Place?

How does Music Help us to Understand our Neighbours?

What Songs Can We Sing to Get Us Through the Day?

How does Music Teach Us About Looking After Our Planet?

Y2

How does music help us to make friends? Exploring Simple Patterns

How does music teach us about the past? Focus on Dynamics and Tempo

How Does Music Make the World a Better Place?

How Does Music Teach Us About Our Neighbourhood?

How Does Music Make Us Happy?

How does Music Teach Us About Looking After Our Planet?

Y3

How does music bring us closer together? Developing Notation Skills

What stories does music tell us about the past?

Enjoying Improvisation

How Does Music Help to Make the World a Better Place?

How Does Music Help Us Get to Know our Community?

How does Music Make a Difference to Us Everyday?

How Does Music connect Us with Our Planet?

Y4

How does music bring us together?

Interesting Time Signatures

 

How does music connect us with our past?

Combining Elements to Make Music

How Does Music Make the World a Better Place?

How Does Music Teach Us About our Community?

How Does Music Shape our Way of Life?

How Does Music connect Us with the Environment?

Y5

How does music bring us together?

Getting Started with Music Tech

 

How does music connect us with our past?

Emotions and Musical Styles

How Does Music Make the World a Better Place?

How Does Music Teach Us About our Community?

How Does Music Shape our Way of Life?

How Does Music connect Us with the Environment?

Y6

How does music bring us together? Developing Melodic Phrases

 

How does music connect us with our past?

Understanding Structure and Form

How Does Music Make the World a Better Place?

How Does Music Teach Us About our Community?

How Does Music Shape our Way of Life?

How Does Music connect Us with the Environment?

 

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